Brazil Baby Affair is a Non-Governmental Organization and Non-Profit Organization founded and registered in 2014 in Zurich, Switzerland. The NGO worked with a team of dedicated experts and has partnerships in several countries around the world. In 2019, the NGO became an Information Portal focused on sharing information about Research and Advocacy concerning the Right to Identity and Access to Origins.
The justification for founding the NGO Brazil Baby Affair is rooted in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and the European Convention on Human Rights. These international human rights conventions safeguard the human rights to know one’s origins and identity.
Despite the existence of a convention declaring the human right to know one’s origins and identity, to which Brazil and all the receiving countries of illegal Intercountry Adoption from Brazil are committed, the rights of the original parents and their illegally adopted children have remained an empty shell, in most cases until 1999.
In 1999 Brazil ratified The Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption, which created a legal and binding structure of shared responsibilities for the country of origin and the receiving countries. The convention allowed for better control of the adoption process and outlined definitive competencies and accountability to the central authorities dealing with Intercountry Adoption.
In the illegal adoption cases from Brazil prior to 1999, in which newborns were intentionally deprived of their right to identity, there were no clear methods for resolution and accountability for the responsible authorities.
The main focus of the NGO Brazil Baby Affair lies with Brazilians who are deprived of their identity before 1999 and who are registered as the biological child of a foreign couple. These Brazilians were officially registered, as babies born in Brazil with foreign parents, both in Brazil as well as in the home country of the parents. As a result, they lack access to the right to identity. The NGO Brazil Baby Affair aspires to contribute to claiming their human right to identity.